"and I'm the Queen of Sheba!" was a 20th-century humorous riposte when someone claimed to be famous or that they had done something impressive, but you did not believe them! Around 1900, the 'Queen of Sheba' was one of the many crowd-pulling themes included in travelling shows. By the 1910s, the Ringling Bros. Circus included King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba in "The Greatest Shows on Earth", which involved pageantry and other performances in addition to the circus ring. For audiences conversant with Biblical characters, the Queen of Sheba personified riches of gold and precious stones, just as Solomon was endowed with wisdom and great wealth. 1 Kings, Chapter 10, portrays the Queen's arrival in Jerusalem to visit the fabled King of Israel, and her desire to test Solomon's wisdom with "hard questions". She was impressed with his answers, and the state visit was clearly a success! Derived from this Old Testament reference, the Queen of Sheba features in later Jewish, Christian and Muslim writings and art: legend portrays her as black, beautiful and a politically-powerful woman. But was there such an historic queen, and where was Sheba?