VIKINGS: HOMELANDS, RAIDS AND WESTERN SETTLEMENTS c. 790-1000 CE
"…never before has such terror appeared in Britain as we have now suffered from a pagan race, nor was it thought that such an inroad from the sea could be made."
Alcuin of York
Fearsome tales of the Viking seafarers are implanted deep in the psyche of Christian European tradition. However, the Vikings also had some redeeming qualities. In recent decades, archaeological and scientific evidence has emerged that illuminates outstanding Viking accomplishments in navigation, farming, crafts and town-based trade, and the vast geographical extent of their voyaging. The Viking colonists from Norway and Denmark made a vigorous contribution to the culture and gene pool of the British Isles.